Pro-efficient Cold & Lighting products (PROEFFICIENCY)

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“Pro-efficient Cold & Lighting products” project (contract nr. EIE/05/218/SI2.419688) overall aim is to promote voluntary integrate initiatives for the most eco-energy efficient products, within different regional scenarios from the European Market including old, new and candidate Member States, through both the implementation of “pilot promoters’ initiatives” and “pilot consumers’ projects/actions”, as well as, the monitoring of effectiveness of initiatives and actions developed.Specific objectives are focused on:

  • stimulation of promoters through “pilot promoters’ initiatives” for the most eco-energy-efficient-products;
  • accelerating market transformation towards more eco-energy-efficient COLD & LIGHTING products (refrigerators, freezers, combs appliances and lighting products for residential and tertiary sector, through implementation of “pilot consumers’ projects/actions”).
  • monitoring of effectiveness of developed initiatives/actions.
  • giving special visibility to successful initiatives/actions, to motivate organizations to be in the forefront of the market.

The work plan have been structured in 8 work packages, with the participation of partners in each one of them, justifying the mentioned participation since each “pilot promoters’ initiatives” and “pilot consumer projects/actions” have different development energy-efficient market.

The work package goes as follows:

  • WK1 Coordination. Management. Reporting
  • WK2 Common methodology for achieving territorial objectives
  • WK3 State of the art for Regional scenarios
  • WK4 Pilot promoters’ initiatives
  • WK5 Pilot consumers’ projects/actions
  • WK6 Monitoring of effectiveness of initiatives and actions
  • WK7 Specific dissemination activities
  • WK8 – Common dissemination activities.

Services offered:

ISPE in Romania will:

  • perform the eco-energy-efficient COLD & LIGHTING products market analysis
  • generate products / sales and future consumers working teams
  • promote the PROEFFICIENCY study results.

Estimated results:

Direct outcomes/results/products/benefits of the action:

  • stimulated pilot promoters’ initiatives for the most eco-energy- efficient products in six EU regions
  • involving of costumers by implementation of pilot consumers’ projects/actions
  • monitoring of initiatives/actions effectiveness
  • integrated experiences and transferring knowledge within organizations of old, new and candidate Member States.

Potential impacts of the action in case of a broader scale of implementation as well as in the longer run after the end of your project/contract.


European Commission Directorate-General for Energy and Transport (DG-TREN), Intelligent Energy – Europe 2004

Start-completion date (commissioning):

The project was scheduled for 36 months duration (2006-2008)

Project partners:

  • O.Ö. Energiesparverband AUSTRIA
  • GERTEC GmbH Ingenieurgesellschaft GERMANY
  • Institute of Studies and Power Engineering ROMANIA
  • Krajowa Agencja Poszanowania Energii s.a. POLAND
  • Severn Wye Energy Agency Limited UK

PETROTEL LUKOIL 30 MW Condensation Power Unit

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Thermo-mechanical installations

Within Petrotel Lukoil SA operates a Combined Heat & Power Plant- CHPPII which supplies the entire thermal power necessary to the refinery (steam for technologic process and hot water for the district heating circuit) and a part of the electricity for self consumption within the refinery.Petrotel Lukoil SA also generates, beside basic products resulting from crude oil refinery, refinery gas and refinery coke refining.

In order to capitalize these combustible by-products and generate electric power for the own consumption and electricity surplus delivery to third parties, it is proposed to enlarge the existing CHPPII by one 260 t/h, 100 bar, 5400C fluidized bed combustion steam boiler and one 30 MW condensation turbine. The 260 t/h fluidized bed combustion steam boiler will use mainly refinery coke generated within the company.

The 30MW steam turbine will be located in the extension of the existing turbine hall.

The circulant fluidized bed combustion steam boiler and pertaining associated equipment (coke bunkers, limestone bunkers, sand bunker, electrostatic precipitator, air and gas fans, flue gas exhaust to stack) will be located outdoor, adjacent to turbine hall extension. To exhaust the flue gas from the boiler, it will be used the existing stack attending the 120 t/h boilers in CHPPII.

Under regular operation, the new boiler will be fired by coke while on start-up by refinery gas, natural gas or fuel oil.

The existing 3×20 t/h, 3×12 MW power plant diagram is with collecting bus-bars on side of: live steam, start-up steam, low and medium pressure steam, boiler feed water (hot bus-bar, cold bus-bar) purge, exhaust and drainage. The new unit is to be connected with power plant bus-bars diagram, parallel with existing units.

The main condensate cooling in the 30MW turbine condensator will be performed in closed circuit using an existing 10,000 m3 cooling tower to be rehabilitated. To discharge water, connections with similar sewerage network existing in the area will be performed.

Petroleum Coke Handling Plant

The boiler basic fuel is the petroleum coke, generated in refinery, at coking battery. The petroleum coke will be transported to the location on existing railway. The coke handling plant supplies fuel to the boiler, safety continuously and at required flow; it consists of: railway unload station, crushing plant, crushed coke store.

Limestone Handling Plant

The 70-150 mm grain limestone is brought to the power plant by trucks.  The limestone handling plant is composed of: truck unload station underground type, with bunkers, sorting-crushing plant, crushed limestone store sized for min. 15 days capacity, secondary crushing and grinding plant.

Sand Handling Plant

To start-up the boiler, fine 0-60 mm grain sand is used; it will be brought to the power plant by trucks. The sand handling plant consists of: trucks unloading station, sand silo, continuous transportation system.

Flying Ash Settling

The flying ash collected from the ash separators (path II flue-gas-slag preheated by air and economizer) and the flying ash from the electrostatic precipitator are collected in the silo pertaining to the boiler. From the ash collecting silo, the ash is taken over and transported pneumatically to the dry flying ash buffer store.

Discharge of  Solid Coke Slag and Gypsum Mix

The petroleum coke slag resulting from petroleum coke combustion as well as the gypsum proceeding from limestone transportation via SO2 addition are collected, taken over from the furnace basis and transported to the collecting silo within boiler limit. From the collecting silo, the dry slag and gypsum mix is taken over with continuous transportation equipment up to the buffer store where from it has to be taken over and conveyed for long term storing.

Services offered:

  • solution study
  • feasibility study
  • approvals documentation

Main technical features:

  • one steam boiler – fluidized bed combustion 260 t/h, 100 bar, 540 0C running on coke
  • one steam turbine – condensation type 30MW


  • to meet own consumption and to deliver electricity to NPS.
  • to capitalize combustible by products obtained in refinery, by observing European NOx norms.

Country and location:

Romania / Refinery SC Petrotel-Lukoil SA, Ploiesti, Prahova county


Petrotel Lukoil, Ploiesti

Start-completion date (commissioning):

2005 – 2007

Maternity – exterior section of the county hospital in Buzau city

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The building has been designed to have ground floor and 4 floors and a basement with the following components:

  • the basement consists of the medical section, the personnel lockers, medical supply section and storage, waste evacuation, kitchen, laundry and maintenance section
  • the ground floor includes the information office, monitoring office, emergencies section, check-in and check -out unit, “one day” hospitalization compartment, ambulatory section, laboratory, pharmacy and public area right near the florists entrance, confectionery and magazines/reviews news stand
  • first floor comprises the surgery unit, intensive care section, central sterilization section, maternity unit, newborns section
  • the 2nd , 3rd and 4th floors include the hospitalization rooms and the sanitary facilities as well as other spaces enabling the medical act.
  • on the P + 1S unit terrace (surgery unit) as well as on the terrace of P+ 4S unit (accommodation area) there are located the two ventilation plants

Outside the main building there have been designed the following auxiliary units:  Medical gases supply that supplies the medical gases necessary for the medical processes. These are transported to the maternity building by an underground pipe system that includes:

  • medical oxygen plant located outside on a concrete platform
  • N2O and CO2 cylinders located outside on a concrete platform
  • compressed air plant located inside the building
  • vacuum plant located inside the building.
  • DIESEL unit
  • Thermal Plant
  • Transformer house
  • Waste waters plant

Services offered:

  • feasibility study
  • technical design
  • detail engineering
  • technical assistance on the construction site

Estimated technical performances:

The Feasibility Study as well as the Project have complied with Govern Decision HG 015 related to Designing and Construction hospitals and medical facilities, as well as EU requirements regarding international standards on medical buildings and facilities. Thus, Buzau Maternity fully meets the highest standards in the field.


România. Buz?u city, Buz?u county


Buz?u County Council

Start/Finish (commissioning) date:

September 23, 2009 – April 2010

Technical assistance for preparing projects portfolio – District Heating

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The Master Plan is the first stage in preparing the Aplication, to achieve investment financed from Cohesion Fund in the Sectoral Operational Program Environment 2007 – 2013 – Priority Axis 3 in the district heating sector (Support the financing of Large Combustion Plants (IMA) owned by local authorities, under operation in the municipal heating systems, to reduce pollutant emissions and emissions of greenhouse gases at IMA level, and aimed at improving energy efficiency and network installation).The Master Plan is prepared for Large Combustion Plants (IMA) and centralized heat-supply systems in: Botosani, Focsani, Resita, Ramnicu-Valcea, Oradea, covering production, transport and heat distribution to the consumers for a period of 20 years.

The purpose of the Master Plan was to identify and prioritize investment needs to meet – at the low cost – the compliance with the EC directive of the environmental sector, taken into account the supportability of the investments by the population and local capacity of project implementation.

There were analyzed scenarios and options that took into account :

  • relevant national strategic context
  • current situation of district heating system
  • district heating system issues
  • evolution of heat demand
  • identify the options for heat supply
  • the master plan analysis included
  • estimated investment effort in the options identified

Analysis included:

  • supportability analysis
  • financial analysis, economic analysis
  • investment priority
  • action plan for project implementation

Feasibility studies is the second stage in developing the Application for achievement of investment financed by the Cohesion Fund within the Sectoral Operational Program Environment 2007-2013 – Priority Axis 3 in the district heating sector (Support the financing of Large Combustion Plants (IMA) owned by local authorities, under operation in the municipal heating systems, to reduce pollutant emissions and emissions of greenhouse gases at IMA level, and aimed at improving energy efficiency and network installation).

The Feasibility studies were prepared for Large Combustion Plants (IMA) and centralized heating system in: Botosani, Focsani, Resita, Ramnicu-Valcea, Oradea, covering the production, transport and distribution of heat to the consumers for a period of 20 years.

Studies analyzed three strategic scenarios of heat supply:

  • scenario I, based on centralized heat supply, and maintaining the current organizational structure
  • scenario II, characterized by the power of more centralized energy sources, obtained by dividing the current system, companies will have to operate energy sources and transmission and distribution and thermal
  • scenario III, characterized by individual heat supply.

The three strategic scenarios of heat supply were compared in the multi criteria analysis, on the following criteria:

Environmental criteria:

  • CO2 emissions reduction reported at equivalent energy generated
  • reducing pollution distributed in the residential zones

Social criteria:

Social aspects, estimating the percentage of population level impact scenario:

  • impact of investment achieving on people welfare
  • direct investment cost impact on people economic standard

Financial criteria:

Investment level

Scenarios II and I have analyzed different options.

Basic principles taken into account in defining the options were:

  • compliance with environmental protection requirements
  • compliance with BAT – BREF requirements and using the most efficient technologies
  • compliance with European requirements on the use of renewable energy
  • minimizing the investment and operation costs
  • compliance with legislative requirements on fuel availability
  • compliance with provisions on pollutant emissions and emission trading
  • possibilities of local implementing
  • operator ability to operate complex technologies

The options were compared based on financial analysis and have been calculated on the financial performance indicators of the project. The analysis was carried out in terms of project beneficiary by the incremental cost-benefit method, taking into account the updating technique. The financial analysis also contained incomes resulted only from heat and expenses during the entire period of analysis. Options resulted were ranked based on cost benefit analysis of financial investment. In order to select which option to be financed from grants an economic analysis was used, which assesses the project in terms of economic impact on society (economic, social and environmental).

Economic analysis is conducted from the perspective of society as a whole and not just a facility owner, as in financial analysis. The economic analysis took into account the externalities which lead to costs and economic, social and environment benefits, which were not considered in the financial analysis, because it does not generate monetary incomes or expenses.

The starting point for the economic analysis was the incremental financial analysis of investments and was adjusted to reflect the economic cash flow obtained:

  • fiscal corrections and the conversion price
  • integration (monetary) externalities

The option recommended for the rehabilitation of district heating systems were selected on the basis VNAF/C maximum, CIA minimum.

Also, in determining the economic cash flow, there were taken into account all cost regardless of funding sources (both for investment and for operation). Cost-Benefit Economic Analysis included the following steps:

  • determination of Flow Incremental revenue (FVC) during the analysis
  • determination of economic performance indicators:
  • Present Economic Net Value (VNAE)
  • Internal Rate of Economic Return (RIRE). The option deserving to be co-financed by grants is the one having the positive economic performance indicators (VNAE>0, RIRE> social discount rate).

The feasibility study prepared for the option chosen includes:

  • technical data of the investment
  • demolition and strengthening works required to implement the project
  • necessary works in plant by technical disciplines
  • necessary works pertaining to the district heating system
  • industrial risk management
  • estimative cost of the investment
  • cost-benefit analysisFinancing sources
  • main technical indicators of the investment

Services offered:

  • master plan
  • feasibility studies

Country and location:

Romania – Focsani, Botosani, Govora, Oradea, Resita


Ministry of Environment – Directorate General for Management of Structural Instruments

Start / Completion date:

2009 – 2010

Rehabilitation of 15 county hospitals

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In order to prepare the Feasibility Studies and the Guide for architectural and engineering Directives for designing, rehabilitation, strengthening where necessary, and “turn key” project for medical equipment in hospitals, as provided in Attachment 1 to Contract it has been also considered the including of departments, divisions and facilities of the hospital, according to Order of Public Health Ministry no. 1764 dated 22 December 2006, with all further modifications. The dimensioning or re-dimensioning of each department and division according to the European and Romanian standards in force, has mandatory considered the forecast evolution in time of the medical cases, from the point of view of the number and pathology in Romania for the next 20 years.

Services offered:

  • studies of construction technical expert examination for the county emergency hospitals
  • feasibility studies for county emergency hospitals
  • guide for architectural and engineering Directives for designing, rehabilitation, strengthening where necessary, and “turn key” project for medical equipment in emergency hospitals
  • services for checking and approval of technical designs by authorized experts
  • consultancy services for bid documents preparing– during organization of public procurement procedure.

Estimated Technical Performance:

Rehabilitation of county hospitals in order to be included in the category of Emergency Hospitals type 2 B-2A

Estimated Economical Efficiency:

The Project complied with the estimated budget and had a profit of about 10-15 per cent.

Country and location:


  • Emergency County Hospital Mavromati Botosani, Botosani County
  • County Hospital Buzau, Buzau County
  • County Hospital Targoviste, Dambovita County
  • County Hospital Tg Jiu, Gorj County
  • County Hospital Slobozia, Ialomita County
  • County Hospital Sf. Gheorghe, Covasna County
  • County Hospital Baia Mare, Maramure? County
  • County Hospital Satu-Mare, Satu mare County
  • County Hospital Zalau, S?laj County
  • County Hospital Alexandria, Teleorman County
  • County Hospital Tulcea, Tulcea County
  • County Hospital Râmnicu-Valcea, Vâlcea County
  • County Hospital Focsani, Vrancea County
  • County Hospital Vaslui, Vaslui County.


Buyer: Health Ministry;
Client: County Councils.

Start / Completion date:

Contract signing date with the Buyer: 31.12.2007;
Completion date of 3 determinant phases: 15.10.2008

Financing Source:

European Funds AM Region Operational Program 3.1 AXIS

Water and sewerage public networks extension – Bucharest municipality

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The project deals with the construction of about 3 Km of water and sewerage networks, on certain streets in district 2 of Bucuresti municipality – (Lopetii, Azuga, Zalau, Declamarii, Hispania, Nicolae Apostol, Simion Busuioc, Sever Popescu Streets).The water networks are provided to be made of high density polyethylene tubes while the sewerage system of polyvinyl chloride tubes.

The water network route is provided with valve chambers, hydrants and branch pipes up to the property limit while the drainage network with manholes, discharge openings, and connecting pipes up to the property limit.

Services Provided:

  • technical and financial consulting
  • feasibility studies
  • basic designs
  • detail design
  • technical assistance.

Country and Location:

Romania, Bucharest, district 2


Bucharest municipality – district 2 town hall

Start / Completion Date (commissioning):

July, 2006 – December, 2007

Heat supply strategy for Comanesti Town

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The main goal of the documentation was the performance of heat supply strategy for Comanesti Town in compliance with the requirements of Investments Programme “Termoficare 2006-2009 – calitate ?i eficien??”, with the purpose to improve the efficiency of DHS in Comanesti Town.Technical solution for the thermal energy source was established through a comparative analysis of possible solutions and consists in:

  • 2 heat engines: 2 x 2,4 MWe (total heat recovered: 2 x 2 Gcal/h), running on natural gas, which will mainly supply the domestic warm water
  • 2 heat boilers: 2 x 5 Gcal/h running on biomass (wood wastes) and natural gas, for heat demand
  • 1 heat only boiler: 1 x 10 Gcal/h running on natural gas, for heat demand.

Services offered:

The proposal of a strategy for supplying with thermal energy the consumers in Comanesti Town for the next 20 years.

Estimated technical performances:

Average annual performances during the period of analysis:

  • heat delivered: 60194Gcal/year
  • electric power delivered: 28406 MWh/year
  • fuel consumption: 15618 tcc/an, from which: – Natural gas:12888 tcc/year; – Biomass: 2730 tcc/year
  • the efficiency of cogeneration: 81,4%.

Estimated economic efficiency:

Financial analysis of the investments, concludes to the followings:

Cash-Flow is positive during the period of analysis.

The prices of the electricity and heat which will cover the overall annual operation costs of the DHS are:

  • 57,22 Euro/MWh for electricity delivered
  • 43,78 Euro/Gcal for heat delivered.

These prices lead to the Net Present Value of 1324312 Euro and the rate of profit of 5%.

Country and location:

Romania, Comanesti Town, Bacau County.


Comanesti Local Authority

Date of project :


Targului river improvement – Campulung Muscel municipality area / Arges county

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The Targului River crosses the Campulung Muscel City along about 7.5 km. A major unbalance of the thalweg level, respectively a severe lowering-in, resulting in phenomena of increasing bank erosion has been found out on the regulated river sector of 2.4 km length. Several economic and social objectives are in danger of being damaged.The regulation works consist in:

  • changing the profile of the cross section of the present river bed at the value of 17 m in width
  • bank protection with reinforced concrete prefab slabs dry wall supported on a reinforced concrete beam
  • bank protection with gabions (sand bags) and mattress gabions
  • the construction of 7 reinforced concrete bottom sills.

Services provided:

  • basic engineering
  • complete topographic and geologic studies
  • detail engineering of the regulation works for the protection of the constructions adjoining the river bed
  • on site supervision and commissioning.

Main technical data:

From the hydraulic calculations on the flooding in the area resulted a river bed 17 m wide, considered to be sufficient for the water flow, which means a decrease in the calculating flow transit and of the check one.

The 7 reinforced concrete bottom sills have the role of reducing the river bed slope, implicitly, the water flows speed, which means a decrease in the thalweg erosion. These sills were located evenly along the regulated river segment.

In the area with constructions very close to the river, the banks were protected by a 1,1.5 stable slope by two methods, according to the available space:

  • 1x1x0.15 m reinforced concrete prefab slabs dry wall supported on a reinforced concrete beam
  • supporting wall with gabions 3x1x1 m in size, 2x1x1 m, respectively, and gabion mattresses 3x1x0.5 m in size, 2x1x0.3 m.

Country/Location :

Romania, Campulung-Muscel – Arges county


The National Administration “Apele Romane”,  Arges Vedea Waters Division

Start/Completion date:

March 2005 – December 2006

Associated companies:

The National Administration “Apele Romane”, Arges Branch

Scrutinizing the impact of CCS communication on the general and local public

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The public acceptance of CCS is an important precondition for the large-scale deployment of these technologies. Now it can be assumed the fact that the most part of the public is neither for, nor against CCS, because the level of knowledge from the public is very low or virtually absent.

The main assumption of the project “Impact of communication” is that information on CCS should enable the public possibility to develop their own view on technologies. Otherwise the impact of support opinions on CCS will be very low and therefore these opinions will be very unstable. The public attitude uncertainty will lead to the support uncertainty in the future.

The project purpose is to develop recommendations on the CCS communication, fact that should enable the public to develop their own opinions. Therefore this project will include a comparative study on the CCS communication in six European countries: Germany, Greece, The Netherlands, Norway, Romania and The United Kingdom.

The main goal of the project is to compare the different types of CCS communication methods, messengers and materials considering their efficiency on two methods:

  • the efficiency comparison of two CCS communication methods:
    • focus groups;
    • information – choice questionnaire, ICQ.

Strict matching should guarantee the identical composition of the two groups. The main assumption is to investigate how the opinion quality (e.g. stability) varies depending on the communication method.

  • survey on a representative citizen sample in order to collect data on the public awareness and knowledge of the climate change, energy policy and generally CCS; furthermore the awareness and knowledge of the public on local demonstrations and the CCS materials and campaigns initiatives.

The project work plan is divided in four packages as follows:

  • WP1: Coordination and management;
  • WP2: Comparative study of the CCS communication methods;
  • WP3: Representative survey of public awareness, knowledge and opinions on CCS;
  • WP4: Developing recommendations for the CCS communication and dissemination activities.

Services offered:

  • target groups and questionnaires selection information preparation and implementation of national surveys and comparison data preparation and implementation;
  • the national surveys preparation and implementation and data evaluation and comparison;
  • recommendations on CCS local and general communication based on empirical data on public awareness and perceptions of climate change, energy policy, CCS and CCS communication. Assessment of different CCS communication methods and enable the possibility of well documented opinions formation on technology;
  • results project dissemination to increase the technology level transfer for the CCS acceptance;
  • integration project team in CCS research networks and groups at national and European level;
  • establishing ties with other relevant CCS research networks and groups (e.g. ZEP, CSLF, C2S2-RN).

Country and location:

Germany, Greece, The Netherlands, Norway, Romania and The United Kingdom



Start / Completion date:

Start designing works: January 2009
Finish designing works: January 2010